Tooth loss, whether from tooth decay, periodontal disease, or injury, can affect a person’s oral health and quality of life. If you have one or more missing teeth, it is important to find a solution to avoid major problems. Two common options are dental crowns and bridges. Here we explain everything you need to know about these treatment options.

What are dental crowns?

Dental crowns, also known as caps, are caps that are placed over a damaged or weakened tooth to improve its appearance, shape, size, or strength. They are used to protect teeth after deep decay, fracture, root canal treatment or dental implant. They can also be a solution for discolored, malformed, or irregularly sized teeth.

Dental crowns are made of different materials, such as porcelain, metal, ceramic, and resin. Each material has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to discuss the options with your dentist to choose the best option for your needs and budget.

What are dental bridges?

Dental bridges, as the name suggests, are used to “bridge” the gap between one or more missing teeth. A dental bridge consists of two or more dental crowns placed on the natural teeth on either side of the empty space, with a false tooth in the center. Dental bridges can be fixed or removable. Fixed bridges are permanent and snap securely into place, while removable bridges can be removed for cleaning.

Dental bridges are also made of different materials, such as porcelain, ceramic, metal, and resin. As with dental crowns, it’s important to discuss your options with your dentist to choose the best option for your needs and budget.

“Happiness is a healthy smile.”

How are dental crowns and bridges placed?

The placement of dental crowns and bridges usually requires two visits to the dentist. During the first visit, the dentist will examine and prepare the natural teeth for crown or bridge placement. This may require minimal grinding of the tooth enamel to allow the crown or bridge to fit properly.

The dentist will then take impressions of the prepared teeth and send the information to a dental laboratory for fabrication of the crown or bridge. While waiting for the crown or bridge to be fabricated, a temporary crown or provisional bridge can be placed to protect the prepared teeth.

At the second visit, the dentist will remove the temporary crown or bridge and place the permanent crown or bridge. It will fit and make sure it fits correctly and is comfortable before permanently fixing it in place.

How long do dental crowns and bridges last?

The duration of dental crowns and bridges largely depends on dental care and the choice of material used. Dental crowns and bridges made of durable materials can last up to 15 years or more if properly maintained. It is important to brush your teeth twice a day, floss daily, and see your dentist regularly to make sure your crown or bridge is in good shape and there are no cavities or gum problems.

There are several materials that dental crowns are made of:

  • Metallic: they are crowns that have been handled for years and that were frequently placed or continue to be placed, but less frequently, in bruxist patients or with little space to place a porcelain metal crown, these crowns are very resistant, but very little worse. cosmetic and are commonly placed on posterior teeth. They have now been replaced by zirconia crowns.
  • Porcelain metal: these crowns are widely used, since they have an internal metal cover and an external porcelain cover that resembles the natural color of the tooth, however they tend to look opaque and are not recommended for front teeth, they are a good option for teeth posterior as molars and premolars.
  • Zirconia: they are crowns that have been very successful in recent years, since they have a high resistance to chewing forces and are free of that opaque metal, generating more aesthetic crowns with a natural appearance. It is recommended in posterior teeth and sometimes in anterior teeth.
  • Emax: They are an excellent option for anterior teeth, since they are metal-free and their composition resembles a highly natural tooth. They are used on anterior teeth.


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